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There are Japanese pot plants, others for the garden, others that adapt to all situations giving us their beauty. Some still are niche plants, in Italy, but many are widespread and definitely loved by all Italian green thumbs. Let's see which ones Japanese plants we can choose in different situations and why.
Japanese pot plants
Like in japanese garden, even on the balcony or in a courtyard of any house, ours for example, Japanese plants tend to take on a high aesthetic and symbolic value. It is inherent in them and it is not necessary to be in Japan for valhoriz these plants not only making them develop the best but also positioning them in the right way, so that they irradiate our green corner.
Among the Japanese plants we find evergreen plants, flowering plants, and deciduous plants, in general in the culture of the Japanese garden both the moment of flowering and the fall of the leaves are very important. We have the proof if we think of the celebrations on the occasion of the cherry blossom, but also of the dedicated autumn ones with reddish Maple, equally fascinating as a spectacle, also from a tourist point of view.
Among the Japanese plants we can distinguish the male and female ones. The latter are typically low plants with rounded shapes, quite widespread also in our parts. From a symbolic point of view they are plants that can be interpreted as "Docile" and "quiet", easy to place in a garden. Male plants have a completely different aspect, they are slender, taller than female ones, and have angular shapes. They are often present in small numbers within the garden but, due to their size, they end up prevailing, albeit with a couple of specimens and no more.
Japanese deciduous plants
The most loved Japanese deciduous plant in Japan, and also in the rest of the world, it certainly is the maple. We talk about maple in general, if you are not an expert, but it must be said that there are hundreds and hundreds of species and varieties. By default, especially in the West, when we talk about Maple we mean theAcer Palmatum, a widespread and greatly appreciated variety. This plant is slow growing and shows a leaf with the typical star shape.
As we mentioned before, the fall of the maple leaves in autumn is an extraordinary spectacle like the cherry blossoms. It's not just spectacular from an aesthetic point of view, but it is also interesting and important from a symbolic point of view.
In Japan it is customary to sit whole days under the canopy of these imposing plants to appreciate an event considered sacred. There are also precise indications for positioning the Maple tree inside the Japanese garden in order to preserve its harmony and power. These Japanese plants must be near the house and at the same time have all the space necessary to contain the fall of the leaves, at the foot of the trunk and around.
Here then is that the Maple needs its own space and cannot be flanked by other plants or by hedges and shrubs that would disturb its balance. In Japan they are not harvested the maple leaves until the last one falls from the plant, this choice also has an intense meaning. I would define it almost therapeutic, or at least capable of training the patience that many, myself for one, tend not to have.
Japanese pot plants
The Japanese pot and flower plants they are typically the female ones who are elected as icons in terms of the beauty of nature. These plants when they bloom in spring are not only beautiful but also carry an important message. Their charm is the result of a non-trivial effort, that of having traveled all year resisting bad weather and unexpected events to get to bloom in the summer. Japanese pot plants are therefore very rich in symbolic meaning, they speak of goals achieved, they speak of tenacity and resistance, of determination.
Among the pot plants that give us beautiful flowers in spring there is the azalea (called satzuki), which is often shaped like a ball and shows completely reassuring globose shapes. Other plants with flowers, not always for pots but if desired, are Prunus mume and cherry. They both have a slender and prostrate posture, they bloom in an almost miraculous way, transforming themselves completely. Without flowers they are slender and rather insignificant but in spring they become real princesses of a Japanese garden, and beyond.
There cherry blossom and of the plum unfortunately only lasts a few weeks, this reminds us of the fragile beauty of the natural world.
Male Japanese plants
It is good that at the entrance of eachJapanese garden there is a male plant, and not only, it must have a particularly elongated branch so that visitors can pass under it. This is the tradition that has its own meaning, we can respect it or not in our gardens as Westerners, the choice is up to us. It is good to know that among the male Japanese plants there are the Pinus pentaphylla or the Taxus which can also be educated in the "macrobonsai" style, ie with the typical regular boxes.
When the visitor passes under it he makes a clear act of submission and asks the plant for protection. In general, male plants do not occur in groups in gardens but are positioned as isolated elements, or combined with rocks that simulate a mountainous relief. These too Japanese plants they have a symbolic meaning, they represent the effort of surviving the forces of nature, nature that is represented in Japanese gardens both as simplicity and balance and as strength, majesty and antiquity.
Japanese plants list
Find the complete list online or in special volumes, I suggest some names of unmissable plants that are easy to find even in our parts. In addition to those already mentioned, I remember the most "famous" and worthy of being mentioned: Gingko Biloba, Pine, Juniper, Bamboo.
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