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Strawberry cultivation: tips forgrow strawberriesefficiently and get tasty harvests. Instructions for improving production and care to be given to strawberry plants.
For thestrawberry cultivationyou can chooseplantsremontantor single flowering strawberry plants. The strawberry plants of the remontant varieties have a continuous flowering so as to allow harvests for a long period of the year. With remontant strawberries, in fact, with the right climatic conditions, it is possible to harvest seasonal strawberries even close to Christmas. This occurrence is not at all rare in southern Italy.
First you have to choose the right exposure. Strawberries want a sunny position but if you live in southern Italy where the climate is hot, it is better to choose a place partially in the shade: strawberries can suffer from the heat. Those who live in the south would do well to avoid mulching with plastic sheets because it would risk burning the parts of the plant in contact with the sheet.
If you wantgrow strawberriesto be harvested even in autumn, choose a position in full sun!
Strawberries prefer medium-textured soil. Before planting the strawberry plants it is possible to carry out a deep tillage of the soil. The reason? The roots of strawberries do not go very deep and for this reason it is better to move the first 35 cm of soil in order to allow easier rooting and good nutrient absorption.
When to plant strawberriesperiod of sowing and planting
Strawberries can be planted between August and September in order to have the first harvest in the late spring following. It is possible, however, to take already developed plants and plant them even in the months of May and June. Those who want to start sowing would do better to sow strawberries in the spring.
How to grow strawberries
After seeing the best time for thestrawberry cultivation, the basic needs such as soil qualities and exposure, let's move on to the care.
Thestrawberriesthey need a lot of water but suffer a lot from water stagnation. For this reason for onestrawberry cultivationdrip irrigation is strongly recommended. In this way the soil will always be moist but never soaked.
Drip irrigation also prevents diseases, rot and mold. Excessive soil moisture, in fact, is the main risk factor for strawberry diseases. The soil is in constant contact with the basal leaves and with the fruits. Good drainage prevents the development of fungal diseases, mold and rot.
Another good strategy involves thestrawberry cultivationon raised and trunk flowerbeds. In this way, a continuous drainage of excess water is created.
Another care that must never be lacking is the control of weeds. Strawberries are very low plants that barely grow on the soil surface. Larger and taller weeds can cause major problems in the growth of strawberry plants. Weed control must be carried out weekly or prevented with the use of a light mulch. Plastic sheets are not recommended for mulching strawberries, but materials such as straw, coconut fibers and other dry materials are well regarded.
The mulching of thestrawberry cultivationwith plastic sheets is recommended only in the regions of central and northern Italy.
After seeing the tips on how to grow strawberries, let's move on to strategies for maximizing the yield. The first is thecultivation of varieties of remontant strawberries. The second strategy seen is to perform careful and targeted irrigation, perhaps with a drip system so as to wet every single plant without creating excessive humidity.
In the case of mulching, the irrigation system must be placed before the sheet or layer of material.
The third strategy for getting a good harvest is to fertilization. On the market there are specific liquid fertilizers for strawberries and small fruits. You will need to use them periodically: every 15 days from spring to summer, practically for the entire period of flowering and production.
Alternatively, it is possible to use slow-release granular fertilizer every month, preferably of organic origin. Among the various products on the market we point out an excellent organic fertilizer for strawberries and small fruits: Altea Organic fertilizer. A 1.5 kg package can be bought on Amazon at a price of 16.30 euros with free shipping. For all information: Altea Beeren Dunger.
The slow-release fertilizer is superficially mixed with the soil and is also useful when preparing the soil, before planting.