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Hibiscus coccineus: cultivation and care to devote to the plant. Characteristics of the leaves and tips for obtaining abundant flowering.
The hibiscus species that can be grown in the home garden are truly numerous.
L'hibiscus coccineusit is definitely less popular than its cousins Hibiscus syriacus is hibiscus rosa-sinensis. The classic hibiscus plant that we find in gardens and nurseries, in general, is a variety of the species Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Hibiscus cocineus is quite different and is characterized by leaves and flowers. The dimensions are also slightly smaller.
- Botanical name: Hibiscus coccineus
- Common names:scarlet hibiscus, Texas star, hibiscus coccineum
The plant grows wild in swamps, in the coastal moats of the southeastern United States. Despite the name Stella of Texas, the flower does not grow wild in this state: it is native to southeastern Virginia, southern Florida, and west of Louisiana. Even if the origins are so far, the plant adapts well to our climate and it cancultivatein our own gardens with extreme ease. Planting is also allowed for those who live in the Center North.
Hibiscus coccineus: plant
The plantHibiscus coccineus,like the others of the genus Hibiscus, it belongs to the Malvaceae family. It is native to the coastal plain of the southeastern United States.
It differs greatly from the more common hibiscus plants (hibiscus rosa sinensis and hibiscus syriacus). L'Hibiscus coccineus it has long thin, erect, light red stems. At the stems, shoots and leaves develop. The leaves have a webbed shape that vaguely resembles the typical five-pointed leaf shape of hemp (cannabis sativa).
THEflowersofHibiscus coccineus they are characterized by 5 scarlet petals. These petals have outlined margins and are well spaced from each other. This does not happen inHibiscus rosa sinensis where the flower petals are attached.
The flowers bloom between July and August (in southern Italy also starting from June). Flowering lasts until the first colds of autumn.
Between hibiscus plants, the species coccineus it also lends itself well to cultivation in the north of Italy and in mountain areas. The plant resists frost well even if, when temperatures drop considerably, the plant tends to lose the aerial part…. Don't worry, with the arrival of spring, the hibiscus will start to sprout again.
How is it grown?
This beautiful flowering ornamental plant prefers locationssunnyor in partial shade. The plant resists well even in direct sun.
The hibiscus does not bloom
If thehibiscus does not flower or produces few flowers (this rule applies to most plants of the genus hibiscus), you have probably planted the plant in a too shady place. Without the right amount of light, hibiscus plants tend to bloom little or not at all.
Hibiscus coccineus alba or white hibiscus coccineus
We told you that the coccineus species is characterized by scarlet colored flowers. There is a spontaneous mutation of the plant (therefore it is not a variety selected by nurserymen but a mutation that is also found in nature, in the habitats of origin) which sees the formation ofwhite flowers.
L'white hibiscus in question is known by the names of hibiscus coccineus alba or hibiscus coccineus white. Only the most well-stocked nurseries can offer this natural variant with white flower.
L'hibiscus coccineus alba has slightly smaller dimensions and less abundant blooms than the variant with scarlet flower.
The hibiscus coccineus alba is known as lone star hibiscus or white hibiscus.
Both variants (dawn and scarlet flower) are perennials, only with intensely harsh winters the aerial part perishes and then resumes vegetation during the following spring.
Cure hibiscus coccineo
The plant does not need special care:
- watering must be frequent in summer
- prefers a medium-textured soil rich in organic matter
- enrich the soil with organic fertilizer if grown in the open ground
- in case of cultivation in pots, the container and soil must be changed every 2-3 years, according to the growth trend
Sowing hibiscus coccineus
The plant can be multiplied by cuttings (even if difficult to take root) or by division of the root tufts (it is done in autumn with excellent rooting possibilities).
Coccineum hibiscus seeds germinate very easily, so it is possible to grow it from seed.
Sowing can take place in autumn (only for those who live in southern Italy or for those who sow in a heated greenhouse) or in spring. It is necessary to use soft soil for sowing. The seeds must be buried for twice the depth of their thickness (therefore very superficially!).