Plants that cause burns: what they are and remedies

Plants that cause burns: what they are and remedies

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If succulents with thorns are more threatening than anything else, plants that cause burns on the contrary, they appear harmless while often doing much more damage. In this case the saying “if you know them you avoid them” applies, therefore, let's learn to know them to recognize them and avoid coming into contact with them. Everyone immediately thinks of nettle, when it comes to stinging or hurting cries, cause burning, but it is not the only one we can meet during our walks in the countryside and, if we really want to say it, it is not even one of the worst. Now we present three protagonists to keep an eye on.

There are some plants that if ingested, they are even toxic and they can seriously jeopardize the lives of people and pets, while others create problems by contact, even at the mere touch.

Plants that cause burns: Mantegazza Hogweed

Its official, scientific name is "Heracleum mantegazzianum”, It is a plant of Caucasian origin that the English brought to Italy. In our country it is widespread as an ornamental plant especially in the north, in regions such as Piedmont, Valle d'Aosta, western Liguria, northern Lombardy, Veneto and Trentino. The part of the plant that burns people is the sap. When it comes into contact with the skin it creates rashes and redness, blisters and boils that if left untreated they can also turn into real wounds or permanent injuries. You can go blind or suffer vision damage if this plant comes into contact with your eyes. The culprits of these reactions are the furocoumarins present in the plant, the symptoms can only worsen if the affected skin area is then exposed to the sun because ultraviolet rays enhance and accelerate the effects of this burning lymph.

Plants that cause burns: Ailanthus

The Ailanthus, or Ailanthus, is a plant that is very well found in our area, so it is very easy to meet it during a walk even near the city and not necessarily in the countryside. It is a shrubby species, it grows in the strangest and most abandoned places, creating consistent bushes that are not too low. Although its effects on the skin are known, it is called "Tree of Heaven”Because it is also an ornamental plant used in gardens all over Italy. What's his problem? They are both the flowers and the leaves, capable of provoking, upon contact alone, violent rush of allergic dermatitis.

Plants that cause skin damage: Autumn colchicus

The autumn colchicum is well known by the name of “Fake saffron”, A name that in a certain sense wants to underline how easy it is to get confused and risk one's life for it. Other even more threatening names are "bastard saffron" or "vegetable arsenic". This plant is poisonous because it contains colchicine, absolutely not to be taken because it causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and, in cases of very strong or not immediately identified intoxication, even death.

To distinguish the autumn Colchicus (Colchicum Autumnale) from the original saffron it is necessary to sharpen the sight and take care of the place of collection and the flowering period. Saffron cannot be found in Northern Italy because it does not like the hills and blooms between the end of October and the first half of November. False saffron is also good in the north and blooms from August to September. If we want to recognize it at first sight we have to count the stamens, the real saffron has 3 while the false one is to be avoided, double.

Other plants that cause burns

These are the three worst but the list is not finished and it is better to write down the other names. We have already mentioned that of the nettle. This plant, (Urtica dioica), has a liquid in the leaves and branches with histamine, serotonin and formic acid which have a clear stinging effect. We feel a kind of sting and the skin turns red but there are usually no serious consequences.

Another plant to stay away from is theAconito napello, very beautiful but also very dangerous. It lives in the alpine areas, makes wonderful lilacs and purples but is one of the most toxic herbaceous plants of the Italian flora. The fault lies entirely with aconitine, a poisonous substance that can trigger violent reactions throughout the body even in very small quantities. Cardiac paralysis, vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory crisis and even coma and death are among the most frequent symptoms.

The Boxwood it is unsuspected, or so it seems, yet it is a potentially human enemy plant. Let's see why. It is poisonous in all its parts because it is rich in alkaloids, including bussina, which can cause vomiting, gastrointestinal problems and dermatitis. Yet we often host it in our gardens, unbeknownst to everyone, and in some Alpine and Apennine areas where it also grows spontaneously.

You may also be interested in the article on plants that carry allergies

Video: HOW TO LOWER YOUR CHOLESTEROL NATURALLY. 10 Simple Steps (July 2022).


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