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Hippocrates, considered the 'father' of medicine, said: "May your foods also be your remedies". But how many are fed so that food also acts as a remedy for disease? Few probably. Among them, the followers of the macrobiotic: which is not an empirical medicine of popular origin or a mystical doctrine, but rather the application in everyday life of the principles of Eastern philosophy.
The way of happiness through health, which underlies macrobiotics, begins with the distinction between elements yin is yang, which can be understood with the terms 'acid' and 'alkaline'. THE acidic foods (yin) they are rich in potassium; the alkaline foods (yang) they are rich in sodium. In nutrition, according to macrobiotics, it is necessary to compensate the alkalinity with the acidity in order to have a well-balanced and truly healthy nutrition.
But how? THE yin foods they expand: when the sugar, which is yin, is in contact with the tongue, it tends to expand. The yang, on the other hand, contracts: staying on the tongue, think for example of the effect of salt, which it is yang food. Unpolished brown rice is, according to many, the only perfect food in nature: it contains 5 parts of potassium (yin) and one part of sodium (yang) and this seems to be the perfect proportion.
The first step of the macrobiotic diet therefore consists in determining which group a food belongs to, the second in choosing the most suitable diet for oneself: indicatively there are 7, ranging from the variety of cereals / vegetables / soups / animal foods (regime 1) to the consumption of only brown rice (scheme 7). Usually the advice for those approaching macrobiotics is to start with a few days of brown rice only and then move on to a second diet at will. Always and in any case the macrobiotic diet it should be accompanied by rice, which is considered the ideal balancing food for the body.
We refer to another occasion the study of macrobiotic diets (which those interested can learn more about in specialized texts) and we list by way of example some yin and yang foods. The basic balance between one and the other is the secret of macrobiotics.
YIN foods. Mineral water, garlic, pineapple, asparagus, beer, cattle, butter, coffee, artichokes, red cabbage, beans, cream cheeses, almonds, honey, cream, potatoes, peas, tomatoes, grapefruit, fruit juices, tea, wine.
YANG foods. Oranges, bananas, carrots, white cabbage, cherries, onion, strawberries, milk, lettuce, apples, olive oil, olives, pears, chicken, parsley, radishes, rice, salmon, sole, turkey, eggs, pumpkin.
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